4 Directions

Most cultures around the world use the four directions as a basic means of orientation on earth and in the heavens. These points of North, South, East and West are sometimes called the 4 Points of Compass or the 4 Cardinal Directions. In the Celtic tradition they are called the Quarter Points and along with the Cross Quarter points thus constitute 8 directions. The Chinese system also uses cross quarter points? NW, NE, SW, SE. The Chinese also has 24 directions and an advanced system of 48 directions.

The 4 directions are variously linked with the 4 guardians, and the 4 guardians of heaven, with 4 winds, 4 elements etc. In more complex systems the 4 Directions add a central point to become the 5 Directions; become the 6 Directions or the 8 Directions.