Kumbum is the equivalent of a 3D Mandala and means 100,000 Buddha images. The most popular kumbum is the great temple at Borobodur. Perhaps the most famous kumbum is the monastery at Samye, Tibet based on the Odantapuri Temple in India. Also important is the the monatery and stupa at Gyantse. Monastery Samye Odantapuri Temple Borobodur Stupa Gyantse