Terms

7 Holy Mountains

Sapta-Kula Parvata (the seven holy mountains) or mountain ranges surround Mount Meru (Mount Sineru, Sumeru). There are different versions. 1. Mahendro 2. Malaya 3. Sahya 4. Suktimaan 5. Riksha parvata 6. Vindhyascha 7. Paariyaatrascha It is to these that Sri Tiruppaanazhwar refers, when he says that these huge mountains were swallowed by the Lord during the Cosmic Deluge-Anda bahirandatthu oru maanilam ezhumaal varai muttrum unda kandam kandeer ennai uyyak kondade. The Seven Kula Parvatas are stated differently in ancient Tamizh works, as : 1. Himayam 2. Mantharam 3. Kailaasam 4. Vindhyam 5. Nishadam 6. Hemakootam 7 Nilagiri- Imayam, Mantharam, Kailai, Vadavindam, Nidadam, Emakootam, Nilagiri ena kula varai ezhum koorum enba says the Divaakaram. Though these are indeed venerable mountains, more adored and adulated are the seven that form the abode of Srinivasa. The glory of the hills is so much that the Lord Himself is known popularly as Ezhumalayaan. The Venkatesa Suprabhaatam catalogues these seven significant hills: 1. Sri Seshasailam 2. Vrishabhaadri 3. Vrishaadri 4. Venkataadri 5. Naraayanaadri 6. Garudaadri 7. Anjanaadri, The seven great hills appear to be different in each Dweepa. For instance, in the Plaksha Dweepam, the Varsha Parvatas are known as: 1. Gomeda 2. Chandra 3. Naarada 4. Dundubhi 5. Somaka 6. Sumanaa 7. Vaibhraaja, while in the Saalmali Dweepa, the seven great mountains are named: 1. Kumuda 2. Unnata 3. Balaahaka 4. Drona 5. Kanka 6. Mahisha 7. Kakudmaan.
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