Terms

33 Gods

In the Hindu pantheon there are 33 Heavens and 33 Gods, i.e.:

1 Divine Conqueror (Sakra Deva)
1 Creator God Prajapati
12 Preserver Gods Adityas
11 Destroyer Gods Rudras
8 Elements Vasus

In another version there are:
12 adityas
8 vasus
11 rudras
2 asvins.

These 33 gods are called the Tridasa (3 x 10). The 33 gods + the trimurti (Brahma, Vishnu, Siva) leads to 36 gods. Cf. 36 tattva.
36 x 2 = 72 x 5 = 360
= 72 x 6 = 432

In Buddhist Cosmology the 33 Gods live in Tavatimsa, level 7 of the 31 planes of existence, i.e. the second of 6 Deva worlds.

The 33 gods linked with the idea of a god in each living being led to the notion of there being 330 million gods in the pantheon.
 
In Myanmar (Burma) the 33 Gods are linked with the 33 Consonants and the goddess Thuyathatu (cf. Sarasvati).














Cologne Sanskrit Dictionary under deva:

all the gods R or a partic. class of deities [see under {vizva}] , often reckoned as 33 , either 11 for each of the 3 worlds [cf. {tri-daza}] , or 8 Vasus , 11 Rudras , and 12 A1dityas [to which the 2 Asvins must be added]








 
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