Terms

5 Senses

5 senses: Sight Sound Touch Taste Smell Greece: In Aristotle, these are typcially linked with 5 proper sensibles. Tibet: Bon: Five Senses: Eyes, Nose, Tongue, Ears, Lips See Website: Yungdrung India: There are different schools: Nyaya 5 Senses are linked with 5 Elements These become part of the 24 True Principles (24 Tattvas) and then the 36 tattvas in the Vadanta. Vedanta 36 True Principles Distinctions between: 5 Impressions 5 Organs of Perception (5 Jnanendriyas) 5 Primary Sensations The five classes of items are generated from the Tanmatras. Sound potential and (Akasa) touch potentials and combine with the vibratory particles to generate Vayu-atom. The light and heat potentials combine with touch potentials and sound potentials to produce the Tejas-atom. The taste potentials combine with light, heat, touch and sound potentials to generate Ap-water and the smell potentials combine with the preceding potentials to generate the earth-atom. They possess the qualities as follows: Akasa —— Penetrability Vayu —— Impact or mechanical pressure Tejas —— Radiant heat and light Ap —— Viscous attraction Prthivi (Earth) —— Cohesive attraction According to the Vedanta, which generally follows the Samkhya School, the creation process is dormant in Nature or Prakrti. It becomes active or productive when it comes into contact with the sentient, but Inactive Purusa. In the evolutes of Prakrti, mention should be made of five elements (Mahabhutas) and five subtle elements (Tanmatras). This amalgam of the five elements is a point often discussed in Vedanta texts. The elements amalgamate with each other in certain proportion. Every element contains half or 50 per cent of its own and the rest of the half is of other four elements generally 1/8 of each (Pancikarana). http://www.ignca.nic.in/ps_04012.htm In Buddhism the 5 Senses become linked with the 5 Qualities of Enjoyment. Buddhism: part of theories of perception and knowledge acquisition.
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