Terms

Ganga Terms

Ganga is one of the names of the Ganges River. Ganga Yamuna Crocodile Tortoise Images of Ganga on a crocodile and Yamuna on a tortoise flanked the doorways of early temples. In the Varaha cave at Udayagiri, of the 4th century A.D., the two goddesses meet in a wall of water, recreating Prayaga. http://www.boloji.com/history/041.htm In some versions Ganga married King Santanu and begat the 8 Vasus. Ganga incarnated and became the wife of King Santanu on condition that he never gainsaid her in any way. As seven children were born, one after the other, Ganga drowned them in her own waters, freeing them from their punishment and the king made no opposition. Only when the eighth was born did the king finally oppose his wife, who therefore left him. So the eighth son, Dyaus incarnated, remained alive, imprisoned in mortal form, and later became known in his mortal incarnation as Bhishma. A later section of the Mahabharata gives an alternate version in which each of the Vasus gives a portion of himself to create a ninth being and so all eight are later drowned leaving only this ninth composite as an incarnation of parts of all the Vasus to live out a very long mortal life as Bhishma. Cited from website: Indian Temples In other versions Ganga + Surya produce Yama and Yami. Cited from Website Ausgewählte Erzählungen gaGgA f. ( %{gam} Un2.) swift-goer , the river Ganges (personified and considered as the eldest daughter of Himavat and Mena as the wife of Santanu and mother of Bhishma or as one of the wives of Dharma Padma there is also a Ganga in the sky [{AkAza-} or {vyoma-g-} , qq. vv. ; cf. {khApagA} , {gaganApagA} &c.] and one below the earth Bhagi-ratha is said to have conducted the heavenly Ganga down to the earth N. of the wife of Nila-kantha and mother of Samkara ; ifc. see {dviveda-gaGga}. 32 gAGga mf({I})n. (fr. {gaGgA}) , being in or on the Ganges , coming from or belonging or relating to the Ganges ({hrada} m. (g. {zivAdi}) metron. of Bhishma (cf. {gAGgAyani}) of Skanda or Karttikeya n. (scil. {ambu}) rain-water of a peculiar kind (supposed to be from the heavenly Ganges) f. N. of Durga (vv.ll. {gArgI} and {gaGgA})
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