Terms

Visvadeva 05. Kala

Kala (kaala) is the Sanskrit word for Time. Kala is etymologically close to Kali, is an Indian goddess whose three eyes represent past, present, and future, the three modes of time. In chronology, 1 Kala is 96 Seconds long. Kala is linked with Kama and Kapa in forming Ha-M-Sa (three sounds) that also entails Hamsa. Kala is linked with Rajas (Agency), with the colour blue and the delimiting Divisor. Kala also was a snake cursed by Siva and became one of the three animals linked with Siva at Kalahasti along with the spider. As this idea goes west Kala (time) in Sanskrit becomes kala (beautiful) in Greek. So the central place of time in the fourth of 7 Places is replaced by Beauty, Venus, cf. the Judgement of Paris. This may well be to due a related Sanskrit word Kalaa. Cologne Sanskrit Dictionary kAla 1 mf({I} n. (fr. 3. {kal}?) , black , of a dark colour , dark-blue m. a black or dark-blue colour the black part of the eye the Indian cuckoo the poisonous serpent Coluber Naga (= {kAlasarpa}) the plant Cassia Sophora a red kind of Plumbago the resin of the plant Shorea robusta the planet Saturn N. of Siva of Rudra of a son of Hrada of the prince Kala-yavana of a brother of king Prasena-jit of a future Buddha of an author of Mantras (= Asva-ghosha) of a Naga-raja of a Rakshas of an enemy of Siva of a mountain of one of the nine treasures Jain. a mystical N. of the letter {m} ; ({A}) f. N. of several plants (Indigofera tinctoria Piper longum (perhaps) Ipomoea atropurpurea ; Nigella indica ; Rubia Munjista ; Ruellia longifolia ; Physalis flexuosa ;Bignonia suaveolens the fruit of the Kala g. {harItaky-Adi} N. of a {zakti} of a daughter of Daksha (the mother of the Kaleyas or Kalakeyas , a family of Asuras) N. of Durga {I}) f. black colour , ink or blacking abuse , censure , defamation a row or succession of black clouds night; a worm or animalcule generated in the acetous fermentation of milk (= {kSIra-kITa} or {kSAra-kITa}) the plant Kalanjani Ipomoea Turpethum a kind of clay Bignonia suaveolens one of the seven tongues or flames of fire a form of Durga one of the Matris or divine mothers N. of a female evil spirit (mother of the Kalakeyas) one of the sixteen Vidya-devis N. of Satyavati , wife of king Santanu and mother of Vyasa or Krishna-dvaipayana (after her marriage she had a son Vicitra-virya , whose widows were married by Krishna-dvaipayana , and bore to him Dhrita-rashtra and Pandu according to other legends Kali is the wife of Bhimasena and mother of Sarvagata (with or without {gaGgA}) N. of a river {am}) n. a black kind of Agallochum a kind of perfume ({kakkolaka} iron
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