In Botany Myrrh is a gum resin for its odor and for its medicinal properties. The myrrh of the Bible is supposed to have been partly the gum above named, and partly the exudation of species of Cistus, or rockrose. Myrrh as the Commiphora tree along with Boswella (frankincense), and Styrax (benzoin) produce a golden resin called Amber which is used for perfume. Herodotus, History chapter 2 (Euterpe) tells us that myrrh is also linked with the phoenix and rebirth: the plumage is partly red, partly golden, while the general make and size are almost exactly that of the eagle. They tell a story of what this bird does, which does not seem to me to be credible: that he comes all the way from Arabia, and brings the parent bird, all plastered over with myrrh, to the temple of the Sun, and there buries the body. In order to bring him, they say, he first forms a ball of myrrh as big as he finds that he can carry; then he hollows out the ball, and puts his parent inside, after which he covers over the opening with fresh myrrh, and the ball is then of exactly the same weight as at first; so he brings it to Egypt, plastered over as I have said, and deposits it in the temple of the Sun. Cited from Website: Chronicle Forums. The word myrrh is also cognate with Mary, or Maryam, the mother of the Christ-child. Early Christians actually called the Virgin Mary Myrrh of the Sea. Like Myrrha/Aphrodite, she is both birth-mother and death-mother, birthing in desolation, deathing in equal desolation, myrrh at his birth, myrrh at his death. She, with the other two Marys (whose names, of course, are also cognate with myrrh) who were present at the Crucifixion, were known as the myrrhophores, myrrh-bearers, a title also given to ancient death-priestesses. Cited from webiste: Madonna of the Myrrh