3 Fundamentals

3 Fundamentals (Sanzai) Symbolically the virtues of Heaven, Earth and Man (e.g. Emperor) are written as three horizontal strokes as the three fundamentals in the word sanzai in Japanese. The word OU (king), also has the same three strokes which are intersected by a single vertical line. In another context the same three strokes become the three strong lines of the male trigram. Sometimes the sanzai are repesented as a triangle