Terms

indriya

Indriya Aindriyaka indriya mfn. fit for or belonging to or agreeable to Indra m. a companion of Indra(?) ({am}) n. power , force , the quality which belongs especially to the mighty Indra exhibition of power , powerful act bodily power , power of the senses ; virile power semen virile faculty of sense , sense , organ of sense the number five as symbolical of the five senses. (In addition to the five organs of perception , {buddhIndriyANi} or {jJAnendriyANi} , i.e. eye , ear , nose , tongue , and skin , the Hindus enumerate five organs of action , {karmendriyANi} i.e. larynx , hand , foot , anus , and parts of generation ; between these ten organs and the soul or {Atman} stands {manas} or mind , considered as an eleventh organ ; in the Vedanta ,{manas} , {buddhi} , {ahaMkAra} , and {citta} form the four inner or internal organs , {antar-indriyANi} , so that according to this reckoning the organs are fourteen in number , each being presided over by its own ruler or {niyantR} ; thus , the eye by the Sun , the ear by the Quarters of the world , the nose by the two Asvins , the tongue by Pracetas , the skin by the Wind , the voice by Fire , the hand by Indra , the foot by Vishnu, the anus by Mitra , the parts of generation by Prajapati , manas by the Moon , buddhi by Brahman , ahamkara by Siva , citta by Vishnu as Acyuta ; in the Nyaya philosophy each organ is connected with its own peculiar element , the nose with the Earth , the tongue with Water , the eye with Light or Fire , the skin with Air , the ear with Ether ; the Jainas divide the whole creation into five sections , according to the number of organs attributed to each being.)
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