Terms

mAtr

MAtr
 
Cologne Sanskrit Dictionary
mAtR 1 m. (for 2. {mAtR} f. 1) a measurer one who measures across or traverses a knower , one who has true knowledge N. of a Partic. caste (w.r. for %{mADava}?) ; of an author 2 mAtR 2 f. (derivation from 3. {mA} very doubtful ; for 1. {mAtR} a mother , any mother (applicable to animals) (sometimes ifc. e.g. {kuntI-m-} , having Kunti for a mother) ; du. father and mother , parents (also {mAtarA-pitaA} and {pitarA-mAtaA} cf. {mAtarapitarau}) the earth (du. heaven and earth) (with or scil. {lokasya}) , a cow (du. and pl.) the two pieces of wood used in kindling fire {dvi-m-}) (pl.) the waters RV. (cf. {saptam-} (pl.) the divine mothers or personified energies of the principal deities (sometimes reckoned as 7 in number , viz. Brahmi or Brahmani , Mahesvari , Kaumari , Vaishnavi , Varahi , Indran! or Aindri or Mihendri , Camunda ; sometimes 8 , viz. Brahmi , Mahesvari , Kaumari , Vaishnavi , Varahi , Raudri , Carma-munda , Kala-sampkarshini ; sometimes 9 , viz. Brahmani , Vaishnavi1 , Raudri , Varahi , Narasinhika , Kaumari , Mahendri , Camunda , Candika ; sometimes 16 , viz. Gaur1 , Padma , Saci , Medha , Savitri , Vijaya , Jaya , Deva-sena , Sva-dha , Svaha , Santi , Pushti , Dhriti , Tushti , Atma-devata and Kula-devata ; they are closely connected with the worship of Siva and are described as attending on his son Skanda or Karttikeya , to whom at first only 7 Matris were assigned , but later an innumerable number ; also the 13 wives of Kasyapa are called , {lokAnAmmAtaraH}) (pl.) the 8 classes of female ancestors (viz. mothers , grandmothers , great-grandmothers , paternal and maternal aunts &c. Samskarak. ; but the word mother is also applied to other female relatives and in familiar speech to elderly women generally) N. of Lakshmi of Durga of Dakshayani in certain places accord. to L. also = a colocynth ; Salvinia Cucullata , Nardostachys Jatamansi , Sphaerantus Indicus air , space ; the lower mill-stone ; = {vibhUti} ; {-revatI}. [Cf. Gk. , Lat. {mater}] Lith. {mote} ; Slav. {mati} ; Germ. {muotar} , {Mutter} ; Eng. {mother}.]
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