Terms

Hemanta Rutu

Hemanta Rutu Cologne Sanskrit Dicitionary: hemanta m. winter , the cold season (comprising the two months Agra-hayana and Pausha i.e. from middle of November to middle of January) RV. &c. &c. ; ({I}) f. id. L. ........... November-December - January February In the Indian system there were 6 seasons (rutus). For those who followed the movements of the sun, Souramana Rutus (on the Udupi rather than the Deccan side of India) the winter months were 5. Hemanta Rutu (Dhanu - Makara= zodiac signs). For those who followed the movements of the moon (Deccan side), the Hemanta Rutu entailed (Margashira & Pushya = Nakshatras). The Indian year thus invited a division into two: 1) summer which entailed 10 months and stretched from the confluence of the Milky Way until the time of its Bifurcation; 2) winter which entailed the 2 months of Hemanta Rutu when the Milky Way was split. Conceptually this called for a contract among the great forces to ensure that the death of winter was limited and would lead to a rebirth of life. In terms of zodiac signs Dhanu (Sagitarrius) was under Jupiter, while Makara (Capricorn) was under Saturn. Jupiter was initally associated with Mitra and Varuna with Saturn. Hence, an initial contract was called for between Mitra and Varuna. The Bilva or wood apple was considered the Lord of Winter. Chandramana Rutu Dhanu - Makara Souramana Rutu Margashira - Pushya
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