In Akkadian Shamash is sun and is a sun god. Shamash is the offspring of Nannar (moon). In Egypt its heiroglyph is the uraeus. William Albright and Brian Colless, have suggested that the Phoenician Sin (Shin, Sheen) may have been based on this hieroglyph. In the Hebrew tradition the Shamash is a central candle in the Menorah surrounded by 8 other candles. It is lit first and then used to light the other eight candles. Shamash, judge of heaven and earth, director of all;