Pneuma is the Greek word for spirit, breath or life force. It is called Prana in Sanskrit Chi or Qi in Chinese Ki in Japanese. Spiritus in Latin Spirit in English Esprit in French Seele in German 7. Atman ----- Pneuma ----- Spiritus
Many Gnostics used the terms Sophia, Pneuma, and Logos as names for the second person of the Deity, who represented the divine motherhood of the God-man. But during the first period of the development of the Christian Church, the ideal of a God-mother was abandoned, the Logos was identified with God the Son, who now became the second person of the Trinity; and the name Pneuma or spirit was alone retained for the third person. http://www.sacred-texts.com/evil/hod/hod11.htm pi nu eta upsilon mu alpha pneu- (spirare): G pneu/pneuma, ON fnysa http://la.wikipedia.org/wiki/Index_radicum_Indoeuropaearum