Pavitraropana Pavitraropana, which also used to be observed on full moon day, but is now more or less outdated. A required number of rings, bracelets or necklets of twisted strands of cotton thread, with a varying number of knots, were made. These, called pavitras or ponvates, were sprinkled with panchgava, the five products of the cow (milk, curd, clarified butter, dung and urine), washed, consecrated and worshipped. They were then offered to different gods, wound around the Shiva lingam (the phallic symbol of the deity), laid at Lord Vishnu’s feet, given to the family priest and so on. The best ponvate was nine-stranded, with 108 twists and 24 knots and reached down to the knees. http://www.tribuneindia.com/2003/20030810/spectrum/main2.htm