Terms

Vaisnava

Vaisnava vaiSNava mf({I})n. relating or belonging or devoted or consecrated to Vishnu (q.v.) , worshipping Vishnu m. patr. fr. {viSNu} g. {bidAdi} ; a worshipper of Vishnu N. of one of the three great divisions of modern Hindu1ism (the other two being the Saivas and Saktas the Vaishnavas identify Vishnu - rather than Brahma and Siva - with the supreme Being , and are exclusively devoted to his worship ; they have become separated into four principal and some minor sects , as follow: 1. the Ramanujas , founded by Ramanuja , who is said to have lived for 120 years [from 1017 till 1137 A.D.] [1027,3] ; his chief doctrines are described at p. 878 , col. 1 , and in RTL. p. 119 &c. ; one peculiarity of his sect is the scrupulous preparation and privacy of three meals ; 2. the Madhvas , founded by a Kanarese Brahman named Madhva , whose chief doctrines are described at p. 782 , col. 3 , and in RTL. p. 130 &c. 3. the Vallabhas , founded by Vallabhacarya , whose chief doctrines are described at p. 928 , col. 3 , and in RTL. p. 134 &c. ; 4. a sect in Bengal founded by Caitanya [q.v.] who was regarded by his followers as an incarnation of Krishna ; his chief doctrine was the duty of {bhakti} , or love for that god which was to be so strong that no caste-feelings could exist with it [see RTL. p. 140 &c.] Of the minor Vaishnava sects those founded by Nimbarka or Nimbaditya [RTL. 146] and by Ramananda [RTL. 147] and by Svami-Narayana [RTL. 148] are perhaps the most important , to which also may be added the reformed theistic sect founded by Kabir [RTL. i 58] and the Sikh theistic sect founded by Nanak [RTL. 161]) ; N. of Soma (lord of the Apsarases) ({zrI-}) of a poet the 13th cubit ({aratni}) from the bottom or the 5th from the top of the sacrificial post a kind of mineral (scil.{yajJa}) a partic. sacrificial ceremony ib. ; ({I}) f. patr. fr. {viSNu} a female worshipper of Vishnu Pancar. the personified Sakti of Vishnu (regarded as one of the Matris , and identified with Durga and Manasa) Asparagus Racemosus Ocymum Sanctum Clitoria Ternatea (in music) a partic. Murchana n. a partic. Maha-rasa (q.v.) a partic. prodigy or omen (belonging to or occurring in the {paraMdivam} or upper sky) , the ashes of a burnt-offering N. of the NakshatraSravana (presided over by Vishnu) of two Samans of various wks. , esp. of the Vishnu-Purlna
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