Terms

dyu

dyu Cologne Sanskrit Dictionary: dyu (nom. {dyaus} ; voc. {dyaus} [RV. vi , 51 , 5 AV. vi , 4 , 3] acc. {dyAm} {divam} ; instr.{divA} or {dIvA} [see below] ; dat. {dive} [{dyave} MBh. i , 3934] ; abl. gen. {divas} [rarely {dyos} e.g. RV. iv , 27 , 3 ; i , 115 , 5] [478,3] ; loc. {divi} , {dyavi} ; du. {dyAvA} s.v. [{dyavI} as voc. only iv , 56 , 5] ; pl. nom. {dyAas} [{divas} only ix , 118 , 11] ; acc. {dyUn} [rare , {divas} , {divas} e.g. i , 194 , 2 ; iv , 3 , 8] ; instr. {dyubhis} native grammarians give as stems {div} and {dyo} ; the latter is declined through all cases like {go} , but really does not occur except in forms mentioned above and in {dyo-salila} MBh. viii , 4658 , while {div} and{dyu} regularly alternate before vow. and cons.) m. (rarely f.) in Ved. f. in later Skr. heaven , the sky (regarded in Ved. as rising in three tiers [{avama} , {madhyama} , {uttama} or {tRtIya} RV. v , 60 , 6 &c.] , and generally as the father ({dyauS} {pitA} , while the earth is the mother [cf. {dyAvA-pRthivI}] , and Ushas the daughter) , rarely as a goddess , daughter of Praja-pati AitBr. iii , 33 S3Br.i , 7 , 4 ,) m. (rarely n.) day(esp. in pl. and in such forms as {divA} , by day (cf. s.v.) ; {dyavi-dyavi} , daily , every day ; {anudyUn} , day by day , daily ; {dyubhis} and {upadyubhis} , by day or in the course of days , a long time RV. m. brightness , sheen , glow (only {dyubhis}) RV. i , 53 , 4 ; iii , 3 , 2 fire (nom. {dyus}) L. [Cf. {dyu} ; Gk. $ , $ &c. = {dyaus} , {divas} ; Lat. {Jou} , {Ju} in {Ju-piter} , {Jovis} , {Jovi} &c. = {dyavas} , {dyavi} ; O. E. {Tiw} ; O. H. G. {ZIu} ; O.N. {Tyr}.
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