11: Heaven and Hell

EUC NMC Lecture 11: Heaven and Hell

In India, the area below the earth became associated with at least three distinct individuals:
a god of the underworld Dharma Hades
a god of the wealth of the earth Kubera Ploutos
a god of death. Yama Thanatos

We find all three reflected in the West but then frequently conflated.

In the religious tradition the directions became moralized: up was heaven; down was hell. Hell became stratified in the manner of the heavens and part of a larger framework of Planes of Existence.

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