Terms

Semantics

Semantics is the science of meaning. English Semantics Dutch Semantiek French Sémantique German Semantik Italian Semantca Spanish Semántica Its names in various European languages seem close but often entail quite different contents. For instance, in the German tradition Semantik and Semiotik are more closely interlinked than their English equivalents. In the Spanish tradition there is a field of Semiologia which is a combination of Semantics and Semitoics. In the late 19th century, semantics was linked with five other fields, namely: Semiotics Lexicography Lexicology Semasiology Onomasiology In the English speaking world, Lexicography and Lexicology have tended to become Lexical semantics. In the US, Semasiology has tended to be absorbed by Semantics. In German bycontrast Semasiologie and Onomasiologie remain significant concepts. The work of De Saussure (1916) shifted attention from Diachronic (Historical) Semantics to Synchronic (or Achronic) Semantics. During the decade 1927- 1936 teh Semantic theory of truth (q.v.) was rendered more problematic by the insights of Heisenberg, Gödel and Tarski. The latter half of the 20th century brought developments in Formal Semantics Cognitive Semantics The past decade has brought a quest for a Semantic Web which often overlooks the long history of semantics. Wiki includes: Semantics Lexical semantics cf. Lexicology, Lexicography Statistical semantics Structural semantics Prototype semantics
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