Terms

Samkhya

Samkhya, said to have been founded by Kapila, is one of the 3 Divisions of Hindu Philosophy and one of 6 Schools of Indian Thought It includes:
 
3 Means of Certain Knowledge
25 True Entities (25 Tattvas)
 
Prakriti (produces 23)
8 Primary Essences (avyakta, buddhi, ahamkara)
5 Senses
5 Tan-matras
5 Maha-bhutas
Manas
 
and combines with Purusha or Spirit to make 25.
 
The 25 tattvas (True Entities) are linked with the 25 Consonants.
 
In the Vedanta Prakriti + 23 tattvas become 24 Asuddha Tattvas or 24 Gunas.
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