Terms

brAhmaNa

brAhmaNa mfn. relating to or given by a Brahman , befitting or becoming a Brahman , Brahmanical AV. TBr. MBh. {-Na}) m. one who has divine knowledge (sometimes applied to Agni) , a Brahman , a man belonging to the 1st of the 3 twice-born classes and of the 4 original divisions of the Hindu body (generally a priest , but often in the present day a layman engaged in non-priestly occupations although the name is strictly only applicable to one who knows and repeats the Veda) RV. &c. &c. ; = {brAhmaNAcchaMsin} KatyS3r. ; a Brahman in the second stage (between Matra and Srotriya) Hcat. N. of the 28th lunar mansion L. ({I}) f. see {brAhmaNI} ; n. that which is divine , the divine AV. sacred or divine power ib. AsvGr. Brahmanical explanation , explanations of sacred knowledge or doctrine (esp. for the use of the Brahmans in their sacrifices) Br. the Brahmana portion of the Veda (as distinct from its Mantra and Upanishad portion) and consisting of a class of works called Brahmanas (they contain rules for the employment of the Mantras or hymns at various sacrifices , with detailed explanations of their origin and meaning and numerous old legends ; they are said by Sayana to contain two parts: 1. {vidhi} , rules or directions for rites ; 2. {artha-vAda} , explanatory remarks ; each Veda has its own Brahmana , that of the RV. is preserved in 2 works , viz. the Aitareya , sometimes called Asvalayana , and the Kaushitaki or Sa1nkhayana-Brahmana ; the white Yajur-veda has the Sata-patha-Brahmana ; the black Yajur-veda has the Taittiri1ya-BrñBra1hman2a which differs little from the text of its Sam2hita1 ; the SV. has 8 Brahmana , the best known of which are the Prau2ha or Panca-vinsa and the Shadvinsa the AV. has one Brahmana called Go-patha) Nir. Gr2S3rS. &c. the Soma vessel of the Brahman priest RV. AV. a society or assemblage of Brahmans , a conclave W.
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