Ceres, Liber, Libera

Ceres, Liber, Libera We are told by Servius in his commentary to Virgil (ad Aen. I. 422) that the specialists in Etruscan doctrine did not consider a city properly founded unless Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva each had a temple, a gate, and a street in it. This is not the same as having a tripartite temple, as the Capitoline temple was. But it shows that the triad Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva was considered Etruscan. A few years after the foundation of of the triple temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, the plebeians of Rome found it necessary to have their own trinitarian sanctuary, and built one to the triad Ceres, Liber, and Libera in 493 B.C. It is interesting to note that the plebeians accepted the principle of having a trinity with two goddesses and one god, but gave pride of place to the goddess Ceres, who best suited their preoccupations. Again, the three Indo-European functions are not involved. Outside the triads trifunctionality is of course even less likely to appear. Trifunctionality is altogether alien to Roman pantheon. http://www.thephora.net/forum/archive/index.php/t-1507.html Ceres, Liber, Libera Jupiter, Juno, Minerva