Terms

25 Consonants (Sanskrit)

ka kha ga gha na kavarga  Gutturals, Velar          1 2 3 4 5
ca cha ja jha nya cavarga   Palatal                          6 7 8 9 10
ta tha da dha na Tavarga    Cerebrals, Retroflex 11 12 13 14 15
ta tha da dha na tavarga     Dentals                        16 17 18 19 20
pa pha ba bha ma pavarga Labials                        21 22 23 24 25
 
Consonant 1 - Consonant 25
ka ma
 
Consonant 1 - Consonant 33
ka ha
Gematria 1 100
 
Consonant 1 - Consonant 34
ka laa Gematria
1 50
 
For another arrangement see IAST: velars palatals retroflexes dentals labials
क [k] k K च [c] c C
ट [ʈ] ṭ Ṭ त [t̪] t T प [p] p P unvoiced stops
ख[kʰ] kh Kh छ [cʰ] ch Ch
ठ [ʈʰ] ṭh Ṭh थ [t̪ʰ] th Th
फ [pʰ] ph Ph aspirated unvoiced stops
ग [g] g G ज [ɟ] j J ड [ɖ] ḍ Ḍ द [d̪] d D
ब [b] b B voiced stops
घ [gʰ] gh Gh झ [ɟʰ] jh Jh ढ [ɖʰ] ḍh Ḍh ध [d̪ʰ] dh Dh भ [bʰ] bh Bh
aspirated voiced stops ङ [ŋ] ṅ Ṅ ञ [ɲ] ñ Ñ ण [ɳ] ṇ Ṇ न [n] n N म [m] m M nasal http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IAST
Back