11 Days between End and Beginning

11 Days between the End and the Beginning In the Celtic and other traditions the year ended on 31 October. All All Souls, All Saints and Halloween reflectt this connection with the end in the Christian tradition. Theoretically 1 November marked the beginning of winter and of the New Year. In pracitce there was an hiatus with the begiining of Winter beginning seriously on 1 11 11 11. There were two reasons for the hiatus. During this period the sun crossed over Scorpio which lay in the Milky Way. The tail of Scorpio has a star called mala which means Original Sin in Sanskrit. It was linked with Ketu known in the West as Head of the Dragon (Caput Dragonis) and is responsible for eclipses. The passage took 9 days (cf. navaratri and novena). There was a 10th day to finish the cycle so a new cycle could begin on the 11th day. A nimber of symbolic fights between heroes and monsters celebrated this struggle of light and darkness. In the East it was Durga herself who led the battles. Later Kartikkeya, the God of War, played this role. The feast of Dussera (Dashain) was priobbaly originally focussed on this although now it has been "eclipsed " by Diwali. In the West, the most famous representative is Saint Michael (8 November) although Saint George (10 November) and Saint Martin (11 November) are also associated with the process. The second reason for this hiatus was that, as the sun crossed over the Milky Way there was a bifurcation in the Heavenly river. This set the stage for the period when the bifucrcation would again become a confluence. In the East this became linked with 14 January, Makara Sakranti and the Khimba Mela. The end thus pointed to a series of new beginnings as the declining days finally gave way to a new triumph of light over darkness. e.g. 1 Crossing 2 Crossings 3 Crossings