Terms

Makosha Terms

Makosha
Mokosh
Mokosha
 
Among the high gods of the Slavic pantheon, she was the only representative of the female sex. Правда, некоторые исследователи называют целый ряд других богинь: Дивия (Дива), Жива, Подага, Желя, Морена, Купала, Лада, Леля. However, some researchers have called a number of other goddesses: Diviya (Diva), Ziva, Podaga, Zhelya, Morena, Kupala, Lada, Lelia. Однако вызывает споры уже одна возможность их существования However, a point of controversy is a possibility of their existence....
Given the deep antiquity of Indo-European word Ma (mother), one can imagine "Ma-kosh" as the name "Mother of a happy lot", the goddess of fortune, destiny. "
Cited from: The gods of ancient Russia. Мокош (Макош) Mokosh (Mokos) , see Website
 
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Note that the name is effectively in three parts
 
Beginning       Middle            End
Ma                     Ka                  Sha
Mo                     Ko                  Sha
 
You [makosh] - goddess, [pryadushchaya] the threads of fates - before the sky, and also the patroness of female needelworks - on the Earth; it [popechitelstvuet] to female fertility and productivity, thrift and to abundance in the house. It is earth-referenced (in this its cult it is close to the cult of the mother of the damp Earth) and water (which here also it comes out in the role of the maternal, [zhiznezarozhdayushchey] medium). To weave yarn of fates by it help [Boginii] the portion and [Nedolya], which connect by the [pokutnymi] threads of man with the fruits of his works - good or evil. ([Pokuta] - that connects beginning and end of any matter, cause and effect, made and making, creation and creator, intention and result and the like) [Makosh]- the only female deity of Old-Russian pantheon, whose idol in Kiev stood at the apex of hill next to the idols of Peroun and other deities. During the enumeration of the idols of the gods of Kiev Russia in “to bring temporary years” You [makosh] it locks the list, which is begun from Peroun. The self-contained place it occupies, also, in the subsequent lists of heathen gods, although in them M., with the retention of its contrast to man gods, can be advanced in the first place. Memory about [Makoshi] in the Ukraine it remained to the ser. of 19 v. according to the data of [severorusskoy] ethnography, You [makosh] it was represented as woman with the large head and the long hands, [pryadushchaya] at night in the cottage: popular beliefs forbid to leave tow, and “the [Mokosha] of [opryadet]”. The direct continuation of means M. after the adoption of orthodoxy became [Paraskeva] Friday. The woman with the dissolved hair, whom they conducted on the villages, represented Friday in the Ukrainian rituals 19 v. They brought victim to Friday, throwing into the well yarn, tow; the name of this rite - “[mokrida]”, as name You [makosh], is connected with the root “wet”, “to become wet” (is at the same time possible and connection from *mokos, “spinning”). Sr. also Russian medium, Wednesday - female mythological character, connected as Friday, with the odd number, by the female (hostile) beginning: it was considered that the medium helped to weave and to whiten linens, it punished those, who worked on Wednesday. The pan-Slavic nature Of [makosh]b indicates slovenian fairy tale about the witch Of mokoska, [zap]. - the glories of [toponimy] of the type Of mokosin of vrch (“[Mokoshin] the top”, sr. the position of idol M. at the apex of hill), [polabskogo] Of mukus, Mukes, old-puddleTsK. Mococize and other typological You [makosh] close to Greek [moyram], German [nornam], [pryadushchim] the thread of fate, to the Hittite goddesses of underground peace - to spinners, Iran. To [ardvisure] You [anakhite] and the like and continues the ancient means of female deity - the wife (or female correspondence) of thunderer in the Slav mythology. by the name [Beregini] came out You [makosh], Goddess- mother. Therefore the fleece Of [beregini] - this of the fleece of Goddess- mother, who knows and by terrestrial fertility, and by the fates of entire living. According to the traditional ideas, the Goddess- mother gives life to the showers, which are necessary in order to be personified on the Earth, and it takes away the life, when time comes. And with the equal rightness it is possible to call to the fleece Of [beregini] of [runoy] life and [runoy] death, since and celestial mother (Scandanavian [Frigg]), [spryadayushchaya] the threads of fates. and underground mother (Scandanavian [Khel]). ruling by the reign of corpses, the essence of the hypostasis of one and the same goddess. The same of fleece appears [runoy] fate, as it is understood in the Nordic tradition. And the even [runoy] of wealth and good, since goddess You [makosh] - husband (read: female hypostasis) the god Of [velesa]. And so, as the fleeces of wind, fleece Of [beregini] it appears [runoy] [sipy] - but this is entirely other force: the heavy and powerful force of the Earth, with whose element very means of great goddess is connected… If - being turned to the eastern traditions - [Sipa] of wind is connected with the upper energy centers of man that is the force Of [beregini] - with the lower…
 
 
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