The Phoenicians have been called the “carriers of civilization,” referring to their long history as seafarers establishing commercial colonies throughout the Mediterranean region and fostering a vast trade network that included turning silk imports from China into the prized purple fabrics which gave name to their civilization. Of all the Phoenician cities located north of Palestine in the ancient world, Tyre experienced the greatest success, equated with the dyes that would give meaning to “Tyrian Purple,” the color of royalty.

The Commercial Success of Ancient Tyre

Herodotus dates the founding of Tyre to 2759 BC and in his writings about the city comments on the Temple of Hercules, built 2300 years before his time, according to H. Porter

According to Irish folklore, the origin of the Phoenicians was from one Phoeniusa Farsaidh, king of Scythia. According to some traditions, he was an inventor of alphabets, including Ogham, but was also noted for initiating the settlement of what was to become the Phoenician nation-state. Another version, with perhaps more scientific background going for it, has the Phoenicians originating from Anatolia, home of the Hittites, and modern day Turkey. This Hitto-Phoenician thesis is well-supported by DNA results