Terms

abjad, hawwaz, h.ut.t.i, kalaman, sa`fas, qarashat

abjad, hawwaz, h.ut.t.i, kalaman, sa`fas, qarashat
 
The Abjad system is often associated with a structuring system for Arabic (cf. Abjad) and thus opposed to alphabets which are assumed to stem from Phoenician, Hebrew and the Semitic tradition. If so it would be a relatively recent development since the 7th c. A.D. when modern Arabic emerged.
 
The reality is more complex. This basic structure is found in the
 
22 Letters of Phoenician
22 Letters of Hebrew
Aleph, Beth, Gimel, Daleth, Heh, Vau, Zain, Cheth, Teth, Yod, Kaph, Lamed, Mem, Nun, Samekh, Ayin, Peh, Tzsaddi, Qoph, Resh, Shin, Tau
 
22 Letters of Syriac (Syrian)
Olaf, Beth, Gomal, Dolath, Hê, Vau, Zen, Heth, Teth, Yud, Kof, Lomadh, Mim, Nun, Semkath, ’Ĕ, Pe, Sodhe, Qof, Rish, Shin, Tau
 
22 Letters of Samaritan
22 Letters of Babylon also called Babel alifbasi
‘alep, bet, gimel, dalet, he, waw, zayin, het, tet, yod, kap - lamed, mem, nun, samek, ayin, pe, tsade, qop, res, šin, taw
 
22 Letters of Proto-Sami
 
 
 
 
 



 
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