Terms

Domus de Janas

Domus de Janas
 
Domus de Janas
Il nome popolare significa letteralmente "case delle fate" ma in realtà esse sono delle tombe scavate nella roccia dalle popolazioni che vissero in Sardegna nel Neolitico, prime fra tutte quelle della cosiddetta "cultura di Ozieri", che fiorisce nel periodo compreso fra il 4000 e il 3000 a.C. circa http://www.ilportalesardo.it/archeo/percorsi/janas.htm
The Domus de Janas (meaning house of fairies, or of goddess Diana) also called in the Sardinian language forrus or forreddus are sepulchres excavated in the rock, consisting often of different rooms connected through a common wide entrance and corridor, forming underground an necropolis. These constructions, either isolated or grouped together even in great numbers, are found all over Sardinia; so far at least 2,400 have been recorded, but many more are still to be excavated.
The Domus were built between 4000 and 2000 BC, typically on rocky soil, and reproducing in scale 1:2 real-life houses of the time; they have doors and windows, and walls were often decorated with geometrical or magical motifs, and are ascribed to the Ozieri Culture - or San Michele Culture - from the name of the grotto of San Michele near Ozieri, where the most relevant findings are recorded. The Ozieri religion was deeply connected with nature and worshipped the Goddess Mother and the Moon, symbols of female fertility, and the Sun and the Bull as symbols of male strength. The people of this period were peaceful farmers, not shepherds as future settlers, and most probably originated from the Cyclades Islands in Greece. http://www.italyworldclub.com/landmarks/sardegna/sassari/bonorva-sant-andrea-priu.htm
Back