Terms

Полкан

Полкан
 
[Polkan] - “to Paul” -” horse”. The references about the centaurs in the Russian written tradition begin from 11 centuries. Are known the numerous images of centaurs, for example on the walls Of [dmitrievskogo] cathedral in Vladimir (1194 g.) or on the walls of Georgievskiy of cathedral in [Yureve]- Podolskiy (1230 g.). The centaur of winged called [Kitovras]. It acquires wings, moreover the latter are arranged not in the region of the shoulder girdle of horse (as in some [parfyanskikh] images), but after the back of human trunk. This centaur usually was depicted in the crown (Novgorod 1336 g.). [Polkan] was frequently depicted in the form [polucheloveka]-[polupsa] with the cudgel. In the witchcraft verses Of [polkan] - rescuer “[solntsevoy] virgin” from snake.
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